Colors are grouped in three categories:
Primary Colors: Red, blue and yellow. These colors cannot be obtained by mixing other colors.
Secondary Colors: Orange, green and purple. These colors can be obtained by mixing two primary colors – orange (red and yellow), purple (blue and red) and green (blue and yellow).
Tertiary Colors: These colors are obtained by mixing primary and secondary colors in different ratios.
Certain colors are recommended for certain situations. For instance, pastel colors could be suitable for drawing rooms or children’s rooms. Gray is suggested for kitchens and dining areas. Blue and green are suitable for bedrooms. Colors can be used to harmonize with their own complementary colors. For instance, yellow, green and white are complementary colors of blue. If blue is chosen for a bedroom, walls, doors and frames could be painted yellow, green or white. Light colors, such as white, cream, light blue and light green make rooms appear more spacious and airy.
Colors also affect people’s mood when they are in the room. For instance, white provides a sense of adequacy, whereas red is stimulating stimulus. Yellow makes a space warmer and brighter, while shades of light green are associated with nature and freshness. Brown is reminiscent of the earth while blue evoke the sea and the sky and gives a feeling of freshness.
The effects of different colors of are physical and aesthetic. Physical factors include making a space appear smaller or larger, warmer or cooler than it actually is, or giving the impression of pushing the walls further away or lowering the ceiling. Aesthetic factors can include engendering feelings of relaxation, stimulation or sophistication, or even modern or traditional appearances. Reds, yellows and oranges provide warmth and give the impression of all being well, while the blues, purples and greens are cool colors and give the impression of distance from you. Light colors reflect more light and give a sense of cheerfulness, while also making the room more spacious. By contrast, dark colors absorb light and make furniture appear closer than it actually is. If the dark colors are applied on large scale, they may bring feelings of unease. Dark colors make rooms appear less spacious, while bright colors make furniture look bigger than it actually is.
Colors are sometimes used to distract attention from undesired elements. When choosing a paint color, the size and function of the space and the desired brightness must be taken into account. Colors may also be used to change architectural appearances. For instance, a room may appear to be square if the corners are painted with a darker color, or a high ceiling may appear lower when painted in a dark color. Walls that receive bright light should be painted in dark colors, while light colors should be chosen for walls that in shade. Dining rooms should be painted with warm colors to provide brightness and cheer. Living rooms should be painted with relaxing colors, such as tones of blue and purple. Kitchens and similar areas should be painted in white or yellow to give the impression of cleanliness and openness. Daylight brings out more red in colors, whereas fluorescent light brings out blue. Rooms with south-facing windows are usually the warmest, while rooms looking north, east and west are cooler. Rooms facing north will need warmth and should be painted with appropriate colors.
The colors used in a space, including the furniture, walls and doors, should be defined as follows: If only a single color is used, it is known as a monochromatic color scheme. If the colors that are next to each other in the color chart are used, it is called a parallel approach. The complementary approach uses colors that are at opposite ends of the color chart. The split complementary approach uses one primary tone and two tones next to the direct opposite of the primary tone. A balanced harmony approach uses colors that are equidistant from the center of the color chart.
Surfaces may be moved backwards or forwards with the use of paint. Bright colors, such as yellow, orange and red, make objects appear closer. These colors can be picked up from a distance and provide feelings assurance and warmth. Cool colors, such as blue, light grey or purple, make objects appear further away and appear bluer at a distance.
Light colors reflect more they eliminate the sense of depth.
Light colors should be used in small spaces to give feelings of contentment and spaciousness. Special care must be taken to ensure harmony between different colors in the same space. If you want the ceiling to appear lower than it actually is, paint it darker than the walls, or in lighter colors if the opposite effect is desired. If you want the ceiling not to be noticed at all, paint it white. When selecting paint colors, check them both in daylight and at night, as some colors may look different under artificial lighting. Pipe work or radiators on the wall should be painted in the same color as the walls. If you want a unique style, paint one wall of the room a different color, while the others are painted white.