Paint is made of four main substances: pigments, binding agents, chemical additives and solvent. Pigments are solid powder particles that provide the paint with features such as coating, color, durability and brightness. Binding agents hold the pigments together and create a paint film, while also providing bonding, hardness, durability and strength against external factors. Chemical additives enhance the paint’s specifications, such as viscosity and resistance to mold.
The solvents are volatile and act as a thinner while the paint is being applied. Preparation of the surface prior to painting is extremely important, as paint should never be applied to soiled or unsuitable surfaces. The surface should be cleared of dirt, loose materials and oils and should be cleaned thoroughly. If surface is shiny, it should be sanded until it is matt texture in order for the paint to adhere to the surface better. After completing surface preparation, a primer should be applied to ensure a better bonding of the paint to the surface and to reduce paint consumption. There are different types of primer for concrete, wood and metal surfaces. If any rough or damaged areas are seen after priming, apply a suitable filler. After the filler has fully dried, the area should be sanded again and a second coat of primer should be applied before the paint topcoat can be finally applied. Waited until concrete surfaces are thoroughly dry prior to painting. The paint should not be applied at temperatures below -5°C.
|Application and Appearance||Interior Paint Specifications||Exterior Paint Specifications|
|Color||Coating||Viscosity and Coat|
|Stain resistant||Resistance to impact||No yellowing|
|Protection of color||Resistance to mold||No bubble formation|